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Forty-third Georgia Infantry. Report of Maj. William C. Lester, operations May 1-30, 1864.

Report of Major Lester about the movements of 43rd Georgia Infantry between May 1-30, 1864, taken from the Official Records produced by the armies of the United States and the Confederacy, and the executive branches of their respective governments, concerning the military operations of the Civil War, and prisoners of war or prisoners of state. Also annual reports of military departments, calls for troops, correspondence between national and state governments, correspondence between Union and Confederate officials.

Forty-third Georgia Infantry

Report of Maj. William C. Lester, Forty-third Georgia Infantry, of operations May 1-30, 1864.


CAPT.: I have the honor to report the following particulars of the operations of this regiment since its quitting winter quarters and entering upon active field duty on the 1st instant:

On the morning of the 1st of May we left camp two miles above Dalton to enter upon post duty at Dalton, Ga. We remained there unmolested on duty until the afternoon of the 8th instant, when the enemy attempted to force a passage through Dug Hollow Gap, some four miles west of Dalton. This regiment, with the Eighth Mississippi Infantry, was immediately placed under command of Col. B. J. Hill (provost-marshal-general) as brigade commander, and moved rapidly to Dug Hollow Gap, arriving at the gap near night-fall. We took position on the extreme left of the line, being there placed under command of Brig.-Gen. Granbury, of Maj.-Gen. Cleburne's division, Hardee's corps. The regiment remained there in position until 9 a. m. 9th instant, during the night erecting a line of strong stone fortifications.

On the morning of the 9th instant we returned to Dalton, and on the afternoon of the same day moved out on the Resaca road one mile from Dalton, and took position in battle line to protect Dalton from an attack from the enemy's cavalry. Remained there until 12 m. 10th instant, when we returned to Dalton and resumed our duties at the post, where we remained until the morning of the 13th instant.

On the night of the 12th instant this regiment assisted in removing the Government stores from Dalton, and at daylight on the morning of the 13th instant we took up the line of march for Resaca, where we arrived in the afternoon of the same day. On the night of the 13th instant we moved two miles up the State road, toward Tiltoll, joined the brigade, from which we had been separated since the 1st instant, and encamped for the night.

On the morning of the 14th we took up position on the right of the State railroad in the second line. About 4 o'clock on the same day Hood's corps was put in motion, Stovall's brigade, of which this regiment formed the left center, occupying the extreme right of the second line. The movements of Stovall's brigade were rapid, and just after sunset we took position on the extreme right of the second line under a vigorous fire of shell and canister from the enemy's artillery, only a few hundred yards in front. Night very soon closed the scene, the enemy rapidly retiring. The movement of Hood's corps had been a left wheel, the left remaining fixed, and right advancing two or three miles. At night the entire line occupied a position on the left and parallel to the railroad. This regiment conducted itself with gallantry under the enemy's fire, losing 1 killed and 4 wounded. During the night we retired to our original position on the right of the railroad. We remained in our original position until 4 p. m. the 15th instant, when our position was advanced some 500 or 600 yards, and three companies (A, F, and D) of
this regiment were deployed in front as skirmishers, under the command of Capt. Stallings, of the Forty-first Georgia. Very soon after 4 p. m. the line all advanced by a left wheel and engaged the enemy in a strongly intrenched position, this brigade occupying the right of the first line. The attack was vigorous, but we failed to carry enemy's works, and retired to the works in good order and under proper command. The men acquitted themselves with gallantry, and the regiment sustained a loss of 3 killed, 23 wounded, and 7 missing. The three companies deployed as skirmishers were not engaged. We remained in position until near 12 o'clock on the night of the 15th instant, when the line gave way on the left of our position, and we were forced to retire some 500 or 600 yards, when a new line was established, which we held until near 3 a. m. 16th instant, when we retired in perfect order, crossing the Resaca bridge near daylight. The three companies deployed as skirmishers were left exposed, but perceiving that the line had given way, they retired in good order and succeeded in crossing the bridge in safety.

On the 16th we marched to near Calhoun; on the 17th we marched to Adairsville; on the 18th we marched to Cassville, and on the 19th we marched to Etowah bridge and crossed over to the east side, where we remained until the afternoon of the 24th, when we marched in the direction of Dallas, arriving at New Hope Church, four miles southeast of Dallas, at 12 m. 25th instant. We immediately formed line of battle, and at 5 p. m. the enemy advanced in heavy force and the battle at once commenced. Time after time the enemy advanced to the assault, but each time to meet defeat. Night closed the scene, with the complete repulse of the enemy.

This regiment did its duty gallantly, every man standing to his post firmly. Both officers and men acquitted themselves nobly. We expended forty rounds of cartridges, and lost in killed 1, in wounded 22, and missing none.

We threw up fortifications at night, and remained in our position on the front line until the morning of the 28th, when we retired to the line of reserve.

During our stay in the works, from the 25th to the 28th, we lost in wounded by the enemy's sharpshooters our gallant lieutenant-colonel, H. C. Kellogg, and 6 men.

Since the 28th nothing of importance has transpired with the regiment.

Very respectfully submitted.

Maj., Cmdg. Regt.

Capt. J. P. C. WHITEHEAD, Jr.,
Assistant Adjutant-Gen.

Owner of originalRobert N. Scott, et.al. The War of the Rebellion: a compilation of the official records of the Union and Confederate armies. Series I Vol. 28. Part III, Reports. Serial No. 74. pp 828-874. The Atlanta Campaign. Chap L. (Washington, D.C.: Government Printing Office, 1880-1891).
Date30 May 1864
Linked toHenry Osborn Smith (Military)

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